New paper by Creso and Emma Sabzalieva examines the policy and politics around international student recruitment in higher education in four Anglophone countries.
As the number of globally mobile students has expanded, governments are assumed to be consistently and intentionally competing for talent, in what has been called a “great brain race”. While the notion of competition has become dominant, there is little evidence on long-term policy dynamics in this field, not only across jurisdictions but also over time. This paper addresses this through a longitudinal analysis of the politics and public policies impacting international students in four major recruiting countries—Australia, Canada, England and the USA.
Through this comparative analysis of the period 2000 to 2016, the study demonstrate that international student numbers across the jurisdictions have grown steadily but that this appears to be decoupled from political and policy changes.
A new paper by Emma Sabzalieva looks at the policies of the Kazakhstani government towards a recently founded institution, Nazarbayev University. The government seeks to position Kazakhstan as a credible global knowledge economy, but also use the university as a means of fulfilling domestic nation-building objectives. The paper discusses what it means to be a world-class university in this Central Asian country. Access the full paper here.
Creso and Julieta Grieco published “Open Data for Science, Policy, and the Public Good”, which examines the unlikely case of Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research’s transition toward an open data model. The paper tackles this case through a political and cultural lens pertaining to Brazil’s history of science-policy dialogue and public accessibility of open data. The case shows the benefits and challenges of developing such open data systems, and highlights the various forms of accessibility involved in making data available to the public.
Last month, Emma Sabzalieva presented the paper The politics of the international brain race, co-authored with Creso Sá, at the annual conference of the Consortium of Higher Education Researchers (CHER) at the University of Cambridge.
The paper draws on findings from the project Public Policy and the Attraction of International Postsecondary Students, supported by the Ontario Human Capital and Innovation Research Fund.
The conference took place at Queen’s College, from 5-7 September, 2016.
Creso discusses the SR&ED program in the context of the current federal reviews of science and innovation. See full text.
Creso Sá and Emma Sabzalieva, on University World News, 08 July 2016, Issue No:421.
The world watched with apprehension as the Brexit vote unfolded and, given the increasingly global nature of science and higher education, the British and international academic communities had reason to be particularly interested in the outcome.
In the aftermath of the arguably unexpected ‘Leave’ win, many are scrambling to understand its implications for education and research. What does the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union mean to Canadian universities, and why should they care? Read Full article
The uproar around the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff has pushed to the sidelines three major crises that Brazil faces — and the fact that the country is undermining its ability to deal with them.
To fully recover that ability, the federal government must move science from a low-priority policy file in Brasilia’s realpolitik to the centre of the national development agenda. Full article
Creso Sá and team members presented at the Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE) Conference/Congress 2016 at the University of Calgary, from May 31 to June 1. Presentations included:
Gurrisi, M. The Critical-Democratic University Space: Citizenship and Student Engagement.
Lemay, M. A. (2016). The role of expectations in shaping research policy: A historic case study of Genome Canada.
Sá, C. & Sabzalieva, E. (2016). International student mobility and public policy: lessons for the Canadian provinces.
Sabzalieva, E. (2016). Engaging with tradition? Connecting universities’ founding missions to their current levels of engagement with their local communities: a comparative study of England and Ontario, Canada.
Soliman, H. (2016). The role of health services in dealing with mental health issues in higher education.
See article on entrepreneurship education featuring findings of The Entrepreneurship Movement and the University and discussing recent trends in Ontario.
Ontario postsecondary institutions experience shifting faculty demographics, patterns of academic work, performance expectations, and policy requirements. How have colleges and universities dealt with these changes? What role can the provincial government play to induce positive institutional responses? These questions were debated on Friday April 29 at OISE in the Symposium on the Changing Professoriate in Ontario Colleges and Universities. See full story…
CIHE Director Creso Sá and Emma Sabzalieva carried out a study funded by the MTCU on public policy and the attraction of international postsecondary students. The final report was released today.
The report examines the policy framework in the Anglophone jurisdictions that are the major destinations for international students, and how and why their policy frameworks evolved over the last fifteen years (2000-2015). Further, the report assesses Ontario’s competitiveness as a destination for international students in relation to other jurisdictions.
In Canada, international student numbers have risen dramatically by 226% since 2000. In Ontario the proportional increase of 265% is higher than the combined growth rate in England, Australia and the US (239%). However, this represents growth from a relatively small base, and there are several constraints in place to the attraction of international students that deserve attention. As MTCU embarks on crafting an international education strategy, the report makes several recommendations to enhancing Ontario’s competitiveness.
While OISE has had a higher education research and education function since 1977, many new opportunities through new hires, along with recent internal alliances with other related scholarly efforts, has led to the creation of the Centre for the Study of Canadian and International Higher Education (CIHE).
As the largest academic research and policy unit of its kind in Canada, the new centre will provide a focal point for external relationships with other Canadian and global colleagues and organizations and a point of contact for media. See full announcement here.
Dr. Merli Tamtik, a former member of the research team, has been appointed as an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Education at the University of Manitoba. She joined the Department of Educational Administration, Foundations and Psychology in January 2016.
Merli was a SSHRC Post Doctoral Fellow at York University for the past 2 years. She earned her MA and PhD degrees in Higher Education at OISE. In 2014, Merli received an Ontario Graduate Research Challenge Award from the Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities for her doctoral research on policy learning in the European Union.
The team wishes Merli all the best at Manitoba.
Creso Sá delivered an invited lecture at the International Seminar “Higher Education Policies in Developing Countries”, held at the Brazilian Academy of Sciences in Rio de Janeiro.
The event took place in September 21-22, and brought together an international group of scholars, policy makers, and government representatives. Professor Sá’s presentation was entitled, “Science, Technology, Globalization & Universities: Brazil in Global Perspective”.
Julieta Grieco has been awarded the Ontario Graduate Policy Research Challenge (OGPRC) by the MTCU for her policy brief “Fostering Ontario’s growth in international student mobility: targeting government sponsored international students”. Julieta’s brief draws from her study on Brazil’s Science Without Borders program at the University of Toronto. Julieta provided recommendations for the Ontario government on how to be successful in recruiting International students through targeting participants of Government-sponsored international scholarship programs.
The OGPRC targets high-quality graduate student research that is relevant to areas of post-secondary education, training and labour markets of Ontario.